Taxonomy
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Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio =>Vibrio
natriegens  
(Payne, Eagon and Williams 1961) Baumann, Baumann, Bang and Woolkalis 1981.

Historical synonyms:
Pseudomonas natriegens Payne, Eagon and Williams 1961,
Vibrio natriegens (Payne, Eagon and Williams 1961) webb and Payne 1971,
Beneckea natriegens   (Payne, Eagon and Williams 1961) Baumann, Baumann and
Mandel 1971.
Gram-negative, straight rods, motile by a single polar flagellum and occasionally 2-3
flagella. Presenting lateral flagella on solid media.  No swarming on complex media.
Colonies are regular, nonpigmented on marine agar and yellow on TCBS agar
(saccharose positive). Not luminescent.
Can grow in nutrient broth with:  1% NaCl, 6% NaCl, 8% NaCl and 10% NaCl (rarely).
No growth in 0% NaCl & 12% NaCl. Temperature  4 ºC - 40 ºC.
Isolated from salt marsh mud and coastal seawater. Resistant to O/129 vibriostatic agent (10 µg).
Unknown.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004.Family I. Vibrionaceae . In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two,
    part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),   pp. 491-546.
  2. J. G.Holt et al., 1994.Begey’s manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins.
Positive results for nitrate reduction to nitrite, oxidase, lipase, esculin hydrolysis, acid production from: D-glucose, L-arabinose,
D-arabitol, cellobiose, maltose, D-mannitol, L-rhamnose, salicin, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl), Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), arginine (1% NaCl), lysine (1% NaCl),
ornithine (1% NaCl), gas production from D-glucose, acid production from: D-adonitol, dulcitol, myo-inositol, lactose, D-sorbitol &
D-xylose.

Variable results for gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl, 22 ºC), urea hydrolysis, ONPG test, acid production from: D-galactose,  D-mannose,
melibiose & raffinose.
(c) Costin Stoica
Vibrio natriegens
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