Staphylococcus succinus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus succinus
Lambert et al. 1998, 2 subspecies:

- Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei  Place et al. 2003,
- Staphylococcus succinus subsp. succinus  Lambert et al. 1998.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.6-2.0 μm in diameter. Nonmotile. Subsp. succinus occurs
in rosettes of 3–6 cells. Subsp. casei occurs singly, in pairs or in clusters.
Colonies are white, opaque, rough, with elevated center & 4-6 mm diameter after 2
days of incubation. Aerobic. No growth in anaerobic zone of thioglycolate medium.
Growth temperature 25-40 ºC (4-41 ºC for
subsp. casei); optimal 28-32 ºC. Subsp.
succinus grows at pH 4.9 (
subsp. casei does not).
Subsp. casei  - isolated from swiss ripened cheese surface. Resistant to novobiocin.
Subsp. succinus - isolated from Dominican amber (latin - succinum) with plant & soil inclusions. Resistant to novobiocin & bacitracin.
Unknown.
  1. Place R.B., Hiestand D., Burri S. & Teuber M.: Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei subsp. nov., a dominant isolate from a
    surface ripened cheese. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 353-359.
  2. Lambert L.H., Cox T., Mitchell K., Rossello_Mora R.A., Del Cueto C., Dodge D.E., Orkand P. & Cano R.J.: Staphylococcus succinus
    sp. nov., isolated from Dominican amber. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 511-518.
  3. Karl-Heinz Schleifer and Julia A. Bell, 2009. Family VIII. Staphylococcaceae fam. nov.. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R.
    Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The
    Firmicutes, Springer, 392-426.
Staphylococcus succinus subsp. succinus
Positive results for catalase, beta-glucuronidase, beta-galactopyranosidase, phosphatase, urease, acid production from: fructose,
galactose (weak), lactose, maltose (weak), mannitol, salicin, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for oxidase, reduce nitrate to nitrite, or hydrolyze arginine, acetoin production, acid production from: arabinose,
fucose, mannose, melizitose, raffinose, turanose, xylitol & xylose.


Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei
Positive results for nitrate reduction to nitrite, urease, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, esculin hydrolysis, acid production
from: fructose, D-galactose, alpha-D-lactose, maltose, mannitol, D-mannose, D-melezitose, D-ribose, salicin, sucrose turanose
(weak), D-trehalose & xylose (weak).

Negative results for acetoin production, arginine dihydrolase, ornithine decarboxylase, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase (weak), acid
production from: L-arabinose, cellobiose, L-fucose, raffinose, ribose & xylitol.
(c) Costin Stoica
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