Staphylococcus schleiferi
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Staphylococcus,
Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans  Igimi et al. 1990
Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. schleiferi  Freney et al. 1988
Gram-positive cocci, 0.8-1.2 μm diameter, nonmotile, nonsporing.
Colonies are circular, S-type, opaque, nonpigmented. Facultatively anaerobic.
Optimum growth temperature 35-37 ºC. Growth media: Trypticase Soy Yeast extract
Agar ± 5% sheep blood, P agar, Trypticase Soy Yeast extract  Broth.
Subsp. schleiferi tolerates10% NaCl; growth on 15% NaCl delayed. Temperature
range for growth 20–45 ºC. Weakly hemolytic.
Subsp. coagulans is hemolytic; produces beta-hemolysin.
Isolated from human & animal (dogs) clinical samples - skin & ears. Novobiocin sensible (both subspecies).
Subsp. schleiferi: endocarditis in humans, nosocomial infections.
Subsp. coagulans: external otitis in dogs, pyoderma (also isolated from skin of healthy animals).
  1. Holt J.G., Krieg N.R., Sneath P.H.A., Staley J.T., Wiliams S.T., 1994. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Ninth Edition,
    Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. Group 17, Gram-Positive Cocci, 527-558.
  2. Igimi S., Takahashi E. & Mitsouka T.: Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans subsp. nov., isolated from the external auditory
    meatus of dogs with external ear otitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 409-411.
  3. Freney J., Brun Y., Bes M., Meugnier H., Grimont F., Grimont P.A.D., Nervi C. & Fleurette J.: Staphylococcus lugdunensis sp. nov.
    and Staphylococcus schleiferi sp. nov., two species from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 168-172.
  4. Bes M., Guerin-Faublee V., Freney J. et Etienne J. : Isolation of Staphylococcus schleiferi subspecies coagulans from two cases of
    canine pyoderma. Vet. Rec., 2002, 150, 487-488.
  5. Peacock S. J., Lina G., Etienne J., & Foster T. J.: Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. schleiferi Expresses a Fibronectin-Binding
    Protein. Infection and Immunity, August 1999, p. 4272-4275, Vol. 67, No. 8.
  6. Karl-Heinz Schleifer and Julia A. Bell, 2009. Family VIII. Staphylococcaceae fam. nov.. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R.
    Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The
    Firmicutes, Springer, 392-426.
Subsp. schleiferi
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, alkaline phosphatase, heat-stable nuclease, catalase, clumping factor, nitrate reduction,  
acetoin production, acid production from: D-glucose, glycerol & D-mannose.

Negative results for oxidase, coagulase, staphylokinase, ornithine decarboxylase, urease, acid production from L-arabinose,
D-cellobiose, alpha-methyl-D-glucoside, lactose, maltose, D-mannitol, D-melibiose, D-raffinose, ribose, sucrose, turanose,
xylitol & D-xylose.

Variable results for trehalose acidifcation.

Subsp. coagulans
Positive results for arginine hydrolysis, coagulase, heat-stable, nuclease, nitrate reduction, phosphatase, urease, acetoin production,
acid production from: fructose, galactose, glucose, glycerol, mannose & ribose.

Negative results for clumping factor, hyaluronidase, oxidase, acid production from: adonitol, arabinose, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol,
glycogen, inositol, maltose, melibiose, melezitose, raffinose, rhamnose, sorbitol, trehalose, xylitol & xylose.

Variable results for acid production from: lactose, mannitol & sucrose.
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