Staphylococcus saccharolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus
saccharolyticus
Kilpper-Balz and Schleifer 1984.
Synonyms:
Micrococcus saccharolyticus  Foubert and Douglas 1948; Peptococcus saccharolyticus  Douglas 1957.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.6–1.0 μm in diameter, nonmotile, nonsporing.
Colonies are raised, circular, opaque and gray to white or faintly yellow on agar
containing hemin, 0.5–2.0 mm in diameter.
Strictly anaerobic (or grows better anaerobically than aerobically), 37 ºC / 48 hours
incubation. No growth at 15 ºC. Media: Trypticase Soy Yeast extract Agar ± 5% sheep
blood Trypticase Soy Yeast extract  Broth, P agar.
Isolated from human clinical samples (blood, skin). Sensible to novobiocin and lysostaphin. Resistant to lysozyme.
Flora of normal human skin but some endocarditis cases reported.
  1. Holt J.G., Krieg N.R., Sneath P.H.A., Staley J.T., Wiliams S.T., 1994. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Ninth Edition,
    Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. Group 17, Gram-Positive Cocci, 527-558.
  2. Kilpper-Balz R. & Schleifer K.H.: Transfer of Peptococcus saccharolyticus Foubert and Douglas to the genus Staphylococcus:
    Staphylococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas) comb. nov. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig.
    Reihe C, 1981, 2, 324-331.
  3. C.A. Evans, K. L. Mattern, & S. L. Hallam: Isolation and Identification of Peptococcus saccharolyticus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology,
    Mar. 1978, p. 261-264.
  4. Karl-Heinz Schleifer and Julia A. Bell, 2009. Family VIII. Staphylococcaceae fam. nov.. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R.
    Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The
    Firmicutes, Springer, 392-426.
Positive results for catalase (weak unless medium contains hemin), benzidine test,
nitrate reduction, arginine dihydrolase, acid production from glucose, glycerol,
mannose & fructose.

Negative results for urease, oxidase, coagulase-rabbit plasma, clumping factor,
beta-glucosidase, amylase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatinase, H
2S production, indole production, acid production from: arabinose,
cellobiose, salicin, lactose, galactose, raffinose, xylose, sucrose, trehalose, mannitol & xylitol.

Variable results for acetoin production.
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