Staphylococcus pasteuri
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus pasteuri  
Chesneau et al. 1993
.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.5–1.5 μm in diameter
Colonies are usually yellow, raised, glistening, smooth and 4–7 mm in dimaeter after
5 days incubation. Facultatively anaerobic. Hemolytic. Optimum temperature for
growth: 35-37 ºC; range 15-45 ºC. Grow in 5–15% NaCl. Media: Trypticase Soy Yeast
extract Agar ± 5% sheep blood, Trypticase Soy Yeast extract  Broth, Brain heart
infusion agar, Brain heart infusion, P agar.
Isolated from human, animal and food specimens (7 strains – admin note), stratospheric air & apple tree leaves samples.
Susceptible to novobiocin. Resistant to lysostaphin and bacitracin.
Isolated from human vomit. Apple tree contaminant. Produces beta-toxin.
  1. Chesneau O., Morvan A., Grimont F., Labischinski H. & El Solh N.: Staphylococcus pasteuri sp. nov., isolated from human, animal,
    and food specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 237-244.
  2. Wainwright M., Wickramasinghe N.C., Narlikar J.V. , Rajaratnam P.: Microorganisms cultured from stratospheric air samples
    obtained at 41km. 10.1016/S0378-1097(02)01138-2, p 161-165 v 218 n 1, Federation of European Microbiological Societies
    Microbiology Letters, 2003.
  3. Merivirta, L. O., Koort, J. M. K., Kivisaari, M., Korkeala, H., Björkroth, K. J. : Developing microbial spoilage population in vacuum-
    packaged charcoal-broiled European river lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis). International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2005 (Vol.
    101) (No. 2) 145-152.
  4. M.C. Piagnani, S. Guglielmetti, C. Parini: IDENTIFICATION AND EFFECT OF TWO BACTERIAL  CONTAMINANTS ON APPLE
    ORGANOGENESIS. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 738: International Symposium on Biotechnology of Temperate Fruit Crops and
    Tropical Species.
  5. Karl-Heinz Schleifer and Julia A. Bell, 2009. Family VIII. Staphylococcaceae fam. nov.. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R.
    Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The
    Firmicutes, Springer, 392-426.
Phenotypically is similar to Staphylococcus warneri (distinction between this species is
based on  a rRNA gene restriction method).

Positive results for catalase, beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, urease, acid
production (aerobic) from: beta-D-fructose, D-glucose, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for oxidase, coagulase, clumping factor, beta-galactosidase, fibrinolysin, DN-ase, ornithine decarboxylase, esculin
hydrolysis, alkaline phosphatase, acid production (aerobic) from: L-arabinose, D-cellobiose, D-mannose, alpha-D-melibiose,
D-raffinose, D-ribose, D-xylose & xylitol.

Variable results for acetoin production, nitrate reduction,  acidproduction (aerobic) from maltose & mannitol.
(c) Costin Stoica
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