Family Enterobacteriaceae
Gram negative rods, non-spore-forming, aerobic & facultatively anaerobic.  Oxidase negative.
Catalase positive except some
Shigella dysenteriae serotypes and Xenorhabdus spp.  Most of
them grow readily on meat extract media. Chemoorganotrophic, metabolism respiratory &
fermentative. Acid is produced from the fermentation of glucose and other carbohydrates.
Other Enterobacteriaceae not included in ABIS
Alterococcus (A. agarolyticus),  Buchnera (B. aphidicola), Calymmatobacterium (see Klebsiella),
Sacharobacter (
S. fermentatus), Samsonia (S. erythrinae), Sodalis (S. glossinidius ), Thorsellia (T.
anophelis),
Wigglesworthia (W. glossinidia).
(c) Costin Stoica
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* marked species are not included
in ABIS biochemical database
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Arsenophonus
Arsenophonus nasoniae

Brenneria
Brenneria alni, B. nigrifluens, B. quercina, B. rubrifaciens, B. salicis

Budvicia
Budvicia aquatica

Buttiauxella
Buttiauxella agrestis, B. brennerae, B. ferragutiae, B. gaviniae, B. izardii, B. noackiae, B. warmboldiae

Cedecea
Cedecea davisae, C. lapagei, C. neteri, C. species 3, C. species 5

Citrobacter
Citrobacter amalonaticus, C. diversus (C. koseri), C. freundii, C. braakii, C. farmeri, C. gillenii, C. murliniae,
C. rodentium, C. sedlakii, C.werkmanii, C. youngae

Cosenzaea
Cosenzaea (Proteus) myxofaciens

Dickeya
Dickeya chrysanthemi, D. dadantii*, D. dianthicola*, D. dieffenbachiae*, D. paradisiaca, D zeae*

Edwardsiella
Edwardsiella hoshinae, E. ictaluri, E. tarda

Enteric Groups
CDC Enteric Groups 58, 60, 68 & 69

Enterobacter
Enterobacter aerogenes, E. agglomerans, E. amnigenus (1 & 2), E. asburiae, E. cloacae, E. (Erwinia)
dissolvens, E. gergoviae, E. hormaechei, E. (Erwinia) nimipressuralis, E. sakazakii, E. cancerogenus (E. taylorae)

Erwinia
Erwinia amylovora, E. aphidicola, E. billingiae,  E. mallotivora, E. oleae*, E. papayae*, E. persicina,
E. piriflorinigrans*, E. psidii**, E. pyrifoliae, E. rhapontici, E. tasmaniensis*, E. toletana, E. tracheiphila,
E. typographi*

Escherichia
Escherichia albertii, E. coli, E. coli 2 (inactive), E. fergusonii, E. hermannii, E. vulneris

Ewingella
Ewingella americana

Hafnia
Hafnia alvei, H. paralvei *

Klebsiella
Klebsiella granulomatis*, K. oxytoca, K. pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae, K.  pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae,
K. pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis, K. singaporensis*, K. variicola*

Kluyvera
Kluyvera ascorbata, K. cryocrescens, K. georgiana, K. intermedia

Leclercia
Leclercia adecarboxylata

Leminorella
Leminorella grimontii, L. richardii

Moellerella
Moellerella wisconsensis

Morganella
Morganella morganii subsp. morganii, M. morganii subsp. sibonii, M. psychrotolerans*

Obesumbacterium
Obesumbacterium proteus

Pantoea
Pantoea agglomerans, P. ananatis, P. anthophila*, P. cypripedii, P. deleyi*, P. dispersa, P. eucalypti*,
P. stewartii subsp. stewartii, P. stewartii subsp. indologenes, P. vagans*

Pectobacterium
Pectobacterium atrosepticum, P. betavasculorum, P. cacticida, P carotovorum, P. wasabiae

Photorhabdus
Photorhabdus asymbiotica subsp. asymbiotica, P. asymbiotica subsp. australis, P. luminescens subsp.
caribbeanensis*, P. luminescens subsp. hainanensis*, P. luminescens subsp. kayaii*, P. luminescens
subsp. kleinii*, P. luminescens subsp. laumondii, P. luminescens subsp. luminescens, P. temperata
subsp. cinerea*, P. temperata subsp. khanii*, P. temperata subsp. stackebrandtii*, P. temperata subsp.
tasmaniensis*, P. temperata subsp. temperata, P. temperata subsp. thracensis*

Plesiomonas
Plesiomonas shigelloides

Pragia
Pragia fontium

Proteus
Proteus mirabilis, P. hauseri, P. penneri, P. vulgaris

Providencia
Providencia alcalifaciens, P. burhodogranariea, P. heimbachae, P. rettgeri, P. rustigianii, P.stuartii,
P. sneebia, P. vermicola*

Rahnella
Rahnella aquatilis

Raoultella
Raoultella ornithinolytica, R. planticola, R. terrigena

Salmonella
Salmonella bongori, S enterica subsp. arizonae, S enterica subsp. diarizonae, S. enterica subsp. enterica,
S. enterica subsp. houtenae, S. enterica subsp. indica,S. enterica subsp. salamae

Serratia
Serratia entomophila, S. ficaria, S. fonticola, S. glossinae*, S. grimesii, S. liquefaciens, S. marcescens,
S. nematodiphila, S. odorifera,  S. plymuthica, S. proteamaculans, S. rubidaea, S. ureilytica

Shigella
Shigella boydii**, S. dysenteriae, S. flexneri, S. sonnei

Shimwellia
Shimwellia blattae, S. pseudoproteus

Tatumella
Tatumella ptyseos, T. citrea, T. morbirosei, T. punctata, T. terrea

Trabulsiella
Trabulsiella guamensis, T. odontotermitis

Xenorhabdus
Xenorhabdus beddingii, X. bovienii, X. nematophilus, X.  poinarii

Yersinia
Y. aldovae, Y. aleksiciae, Y. bercovieri, Y. enterocolitica, Y. fredriksenii, Y. intermedia, Y. kristensenii,
Y. massiliensis*, Y. mollaretii, Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, Y. rohdei, Y. ruckeri, Y. similis

Yokenella (Koserella)
Yokenella regensburgei (Koserella trabulsii)