Genus Tatumella
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Enterobacteriales, Family Enterobacteriaceae, Genus Tatumella,
- Tatumella ptyseos  Hollis et al. 1982, type species of the genus;
- Tatumella citrea (Kageyama et al. 1992) Brady et al. 2010, basonym: Pantoea citrea Kageyama et al. 1992;
- Tatumella morbirosei Brady et al. 2010;
- Tatumella punctata (Kageyama et al. 1992) Brady et al. 2010, basonym: Pantoea punctata Kageyama et al. 1992;
- Tatumella terrea (Kageyama et al. 1992) Brady et al. 2010, basonym: Pantoea terrea Kageyama et al. 1992.
Gram negative rods, 0.8–1.2 x 1.0–3.0 μm, motile by means of polar, subpolar or
lateral flagella or nonmotile at 36 ºC (except
Tatumella terrea). Nonspore-forming.
Colonies are pale beige to pale orange, round, convex and smooth with entire
margins. Facultatively anaerobic, growth temperature 37 ºC. Media: Nutrient Agar or
Nutrient Broth, Trypticase Soy Agar ± 5% sheep blood. Nicotinic acid or nicotinamide
are required for growth.
T. ptyseos has been isolated from human & animal clinical specimens, respiratory tract & sputum, rarely from blood.
T. punctata, T. citrea and T. terrea have been isolated from fruit (mandarin orange) and soil samples in Japan.
T. morbirosei has been isolated from pineapple in the Philippines.
T. ptyseos is a rare opportunistic pathogen. Causes infection usually in patients with low immunity (associated with diabetes and
tuberculosis). May be associated with bacteremia and urinary tract infections. Newborn and old organisms are more susceptible.
T. morbirosei is the causal agent of pink disease of pineapple.
  1. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Begey’s manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins.
  2. Berkta M., Uzun K., Bozkurt H., Kurto lu M.G., Güdücüo lu H., Ayd nS.: Pulmonary Infection of Tatumella ptyseos developed on the
    background of pulmonary tuberculosis. Eastern Journal of Medicine 6 (1): 33-34, 2001.
  3. Hollis D.G., Hickman F.W., Fanning G.R., Farmer III J.J., Weaver R.E. & Brenner D.J.: Tatumella ptyseos gen. nov., sp. nov., a
    member of the family Enterobacteriaceae found in clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1981, 14, 79-88.
  4. Bunji Kageyama, Masanori Nakae, Shigeo Yagi, and Takayasu Sonoyama: Pantoea punctata sp. nov., Pantoea citrea sp. nov., and
    Pantoea terrea sp. nov. Isolated from Fruit and Soil Samples. Int J Syst Bacteriol April 1992 42:203-210.
  5. Brady (C.L.), Venter (S.N.), Cleenwerck (I.), Vandemeulebroecke (K.), De Vos (P.) and Coutinho (T.A.): Transfer of Pantoea citrea,
    Pantoea punctata and Pantoea terrea to the genus Tatumella emend. as Tatumella citrea comb. nov., Tatumella punctata comb.
    nov. and Tatumella terrea comb. nov. and description of Tatumella morbirosei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 484-
    494.
  6. Don J. Brenner and J.J. Farmer III, 2001. Family I. Enterobacteriaceae. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 587-897.
Positive results for catalase, nitrate reduction, acid production from glucose, mannose
& trehalose.

Negative results for oxidase, lipase, DN-ase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine
decarboxylase, indole production, H
2S production, urea hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis,
acid production from meso-inositol, L-rhamnose, cellobiose, dulcitol & alpha-methyl-D-glucoside.
(c) Costin Stoica
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R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
 
Citrate
utilization
Arginine
dihydrolase
Phenylalanine
deaminase
Sucrose
fermentation
L-arabinose
fermentation
Glycerol
fermentation
D-xylose
fermentation
T. citrea
+
+
-
-
+
+
+
T. morbirosei
+
[+]
+
-
+
+
d
T. ptyseos
-
-
+
+
-
-
-
T. punctata
+
+
-
+
+
+
+
T. terrea
+
-
-
+
+
+
+
Legend:  + positive 90-100%, - negative 90-100%, [+] positive 75-89%, [-] negative 75-89%, d positive 25-74% of strains,
Differential characters of the species:
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