Genus Buttiauxella
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Enterobacteriales, Family Enterobacteriaceae, Genus Buttiauxella,
B. agrestis  Ferragut et al. 1982 - type species of the genus,
B. brennerae Muller et al. 1996,
B. ferragutiae Muller et al. 1996,
B. gaviniae Muller et al. 1996,
B. izardii Muller et al. 1996,
B. noackiae Muller et al. 1996,
B. warmboldiae Muller et al. 1996.
Gram negative rod s, 0.5–0.7 x 2–3 μm, motile at 36 °C by peritrichous flagella.
Incubation temperature 30 – 37 ºC. Psychrotolerant, growing (slowly) at 4 ºC, but not
at 41 ºC. Facultatively anaerobic. Grow on usual media: Tryptone–Soy agar, sheep-
blood agar, nutrient agar.
Isolated from surface waters, soil, intestine of snails & some human samples, also in raw milk, cheese, and the intestinal tract of trout.
Unknown, may be pathogenic for snails. B. agrestis & B. noackiae were associated with human  infections (appendicitis,  wound
infections).
  1. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Begey’s manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins.
  2. Don J. Brenner and J.J. Farmer III, 2001. Family I. Enterobacteriaceae. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 587-897.
  3. Müller, H.E., Brenner, D.J., Fanning, G.R., Grimont, P.A.D., Kampfer, P. 1996 Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46 : 50-63, Emended description
    of Buttiauxella agrestis with recognition of six new species of Buttiauxella and two new species of Kluyvera: Buttiauxella
    ferragutiae sp. nov., Buttiauxella gaviniae sp. nov., Buttiauxella brennerae sp. nov., Buttiauxella izardii sp. nov., Buttiauxella
    noackiae sp. nov., Buttiauxella warmboldiae sp. nov., Kluyvera cochleae sp. nov., and Kluyvera georgiana sp. nov.
Positive results  for catalase, methyl red, esculin hydrolysis, nitrate reduction, ONPG, acid production from: D-glucose (with gas),
L-arabinose, cellobiose, maltose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, salicin, trehalose & D-xylose

Negative results for indole production, Voges-Proskauer, H
2S production, urea hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, acetate utilization, lipase,
DN-ase, acid production from: dulcitol, myo-inositol & sucrose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
 
Citrate
utilization
Phenylalanine
Lysine
decarboxylase
Arginine
dihydrolase
Ornithine
decarboxylase
Malonate
utilization
B. agrestis
+
-
-
-
+
d
B. brennerae
-
-
-
-
[-]
+
B. ferragutiae
-
-
+
-
[+]
-
B. gaviniae
[-]
-
-
[-]
-
+
B. izardii
-
-
-
-
+
+
B. noackiae
[-]
+
-
d
-
+
B. warmboldiae
[-]
+
-
-
-
+
 
Tartrate
Jordan's
Adonitol
fermentation
Lactose
fermentation
Melibiose
fermentation
Raffinose
fermentation
D-Sorbitol
fermentation
B. agrestis
d
-
+
+
+
-
B. brennerae
-
d
-
+
+
-
B. ferragutiae
-
-
-
-
-
+
B. gaviniae
d
+
d
-
-
-
B. izardii
d
-
+
d
[-]
-
B. noackiae
+
-
-
-
-
-
B. warmboldiae
-
-
-
-
-
-
Differential characters between species:
Legend: +  positive 90-100%, - negative 90-100%, [+] positive 75-89%, [-] negative 75-89%, d positive 25-74% of strains
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