Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Enterobacteriales, Family Enterobacteriaceae, Genus Budvicia, Budvicia
aquatica, Bouvet et al. 1985 - single species of the genus.
Gram-negative, motile rods. Produce peritrichous flagella when grown at 22 ºC; less
motile at 36 ºC. Is more active biochemically at 25 ºC.
Grows slowly on nutrient agar, forming colonies only about 0.1 mm at 24 h, 36 ºC;
colonies are five times larger when grown at 30 ºC for 24 hours. Grows on laboratory
media including MacConkey agar.
Isolated from surface waters,intestinal tract of freshwater salmonid fish & human feces. Resistant to penicillin, ampicillin & cephalothin.
None, uncertain clinical significance. No evidence that it is a pathogen for plants or animals.
- Bouvet et al. Budvicia aquatica gen. nov., sp. nov.: a hydrogen sulfide-producing member of the Enterobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst.
Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 60-64.
- J. G. Holt et al., 1994. Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods. Subgroup 1. Family Enterobacteriaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins, pp 175-189.
- Don J. Brenner and J.J. Farmer III, 2001. Family I. Enterobacteriaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
edition, Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 587-897.
Positive results for hydrogen sulphide production, urease, catalase, ONPG, nitrate
reduction, acid production from: glucose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, L-arabinose &
Negative results for oxidase, arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, indole production, citrate utilization,
Voges-Proskauer, phenilalanine, gelatinase, growth on KCN media, malonate utilization, Esculin hydrolysis, acetate utilization,
deoxyribonuclease, lipase, acid production from:myo-inositol, D-sorbitol, sucrose, melibiose, cellobiose, dulcitol, glycerol, maltose,
D-mannose, alfa-methyl-D-glucoside, raffinose, salicin, trehalose, D-adonitol & erythritol.
Variable results for acidification of D-mannitol,dulcitol & tartrate.
(c) Costin Stoica